Capstone



Initial Research

Essential Question:


Two countries or regions that could be used to answer the essential question
1. Antartica-A continent that is covered in ice. Coldest region in the world. Fish thrive in the cold waters and are a primary food source for the few animals living on the ice filled continent.
2. Greenland-Largest island in the world. Very cold. The sea even freezes over in the winter.

Focus Question 1

What Causes Global Warming???


Notes: When the industrial revolution started, more fossil fuels and gases were released into the air. The burning of coal, oil, and natural gas has contributed to the theory of global warming. More than 4 million tons of carbon dioxide are released into the air each year. Basically, most scientists believe that the affects of global warming can be limited if we reduce our use of gas powered cars, factories, etc. We wouldn't have this problem if humans hadn't affected the earth in the way that they did. Global warming is not caused by natural causes. Because of global warming, there is a higher level of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This isn't so good for certain animal species. It could become too warm for certain plants to grow. Therefore, resulting in widespread hunger. Then some species may become extinct. Imagine what could happen if the ice melted in Greenland and Antarctica.





Focus Question 2

How Does Global Warming Affect Animals???



Notes: Polar bears will be affected because when the ice freezes up in the winter time there main source of food will be caught in a little pond. But if global warming takes over in Antarctica the ice won't return in the winter and the fish will be swimming freely, unable to be caught. Polar bears will also be affected, because of heat rising so will the sea levels. If the heat rises, the glaciers will melt, the sea level will rise, and the polar bears can eventually drown. So can other animals.


Focus Question 3

What Is Happening To Glaciers/Ice Shelves Because Of Global Warming???



Notes: As glaciers naturally melt the snow replaces them and builds more glaciers as time goes by. This normal cycle is being affected because off the temperature rising. The glaciers are melting faster and the snow can't replace it fast enough. As the heat rises and rises more glaciers melt and melt and the snow can't replace it fast enough. This will cause rising sea levels, which will affect organisms on lower sea levels. Greenland has about one-twentieth of the world's total ice, and if all of it were to melt this would cause 21 feet of global sea rise.

Focus Question 4:

Description of the topic: Did you ever wonder how global warming is caused? Global warming is caused by the burning of fossil fuels, and because of this there are more greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Then, the temperature rises. For a country that is cold, like Antarctica, this means trouble. The truth is that global warming isn't a natural phenomenon. Humans are the ones that burn fossil fuels and admit harmful chemicals into the air. Therefore, we are the guilty ones. There is a large threat that this rise in temperature poses for Antarctica. In fact, Antarctica is even colder than the North Pole. The fish that thrive in the icy waters are an essential part of the diet of the animals living there. Since this cold place hosts little natural rescources and organisms, Polar bears must eat fish. They even catch the fish in ice ponds. What does this mean for the environment? Global warming is affecting the environment in the world's coldest places, and you will soon know how it is and the severity of this issue.

Problem/Solution



Problem

Solution

Global Warming is caused by the burning of fossil fuels.
How can we reduce this?
To reduce the long term affects of global warming, we must limit our use of
gas powered cars, factories, etc. Limit CO2 emissions by using alternative energy sources.
How will we know when there are signs of climate change?
To watch out for signs of climate change, scientists are constantly recording the temperatures in Antarctica. Check the weather often.
How can we stop the vicious cycle of melting glaciers?
Take immediate steps to help reduce global warming. Become as knowledgeable as you can about the topic by reading various articles and news reports. Also, Just try to be very aware of the world around you.
How can you protect animals from the affects of global warming?
To protect animals from global warming, avoid admiting harmful toxins into the air. The toxins can kill and even wipe out certain animal species.
What can you do at your house to reduce global warming?
Reduce personal energy comsumption by unplugging electronic devices when not in use. Turn out lights when light isn't needed, also use compact florescent bulbs.
How can you reduce habitat loss?
Be aware of the habitat loss in your area and help create new habitats for animals.